Campus Security Authorities (CSAs)
While the College prefers that community members promptly report all crimes and other
emergencies directly to the Campus Police & Security Department at and local law enforcement
agencies, it is understood that some may prefer to report to other individuals or
College offices. For this reason, the Clery Act requires all institutions to collect crime reports from a variety of individuals
and organizations that are considered to be “campus security authorities,” or “CSAs,”
under the law.
The Clery Act defines CSAs as an “official of an institution who has significant responsibility for student and campus activities, including, but not limited to, student discipline and campus judicial proceedings. An official is defined as any person who has the authority and the duty to take action or respond to particular issues on behalf of the institution.”
If unable, or unwilling, to report a crime directly to the Campus Police and Security Department, students and employees should report Clery Act crimes to CSAs for the purpose of making timely warning reports and to ensure the inclusion of the Clery Act crime in JCC’s annual disclosure of crime statistics. Persons designated by the College as CSAs include, but are not limited to the following:
- Vice President of Student Services/Enrollment Management
- Directors and Assistants of Athletics
- Athletic Coaches and Assistants
- Advisors to College-recognized Clubs and Organizations
- Directors of Student Services Departments
- Title IX Coordinators
- Campus Police and Security officers
- Off-Campus Building Coordinators
Resources for Campus Security Authorities
Definitions of Clery Crimes and Statistics
The Clery Act requires colleges and universities to publicly publish three years of campus crime statistics. Johnston Community College crime statistics have been disclosed in compliance with the Clery Act. Definitions of Clery Act Crimes are as follows:
- Aggravated Assault – An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault is usually accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.
- Arrest – For Clery Act purposes, persons processed by arrest, citation or summons.
- Arson – Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
- Burglary – The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft.
- Constructive Possession – The condition in which a person does not have physical custody or possession but is in a position to exercise dominion or control over a thing.
- Course of Conduct – Two or more acts, including, but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about a person, or interferes with a person’s property.
- Dating Violence – Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party’s statement and with consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. For the purposes of this definition, dating violence includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse; dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of domestic violence.
- Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property – To willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control of it.
- Disability (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their physical or mental impairments, whether such disability is temporary or permanent, congenital or acquired by heredity, accident, injury, advanced age or illness.
- Domestic Violence – A felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed-
- By a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim;
- By a person with whom the victim shares a child in common;
- By a person who is cohabiting with, or has cohabited with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner;
- By a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred;
- By any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.
- Drug Abuse Violations – The violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution and/or use of certain controlled substances and the equipment or devices utilized in their preparation and/or use. The unlawful cultivation, manufacture, distribution, sale, purchase, use, possession, transportation or importation of any controlled drug or narcotic substance. Arrests for violations of state and local laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing and making of narcotic drugs. The relevant substances include: opium or cocaine and their derivatives (morphine, heroin, codeine); marijuana; synthetic narcotics ‐ manufactured narcotics which can cause true addiction (Demerol, Methadone); and dangerous nonnarcotic drugs (barbiturates, Benzedrine).
- Ethnicity (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, common culture (often including a shared religion) and/or ideology that stresses common ancestry.
- Fondling – The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her age or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
- Gender (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender, e.g., male or female.
- Gender Identity (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender identity, e.g., bias against transgender or gender non-conforming individuals.
- Incest – Sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
- Intimidation – To unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.
- Hate Crime – A criminal offense that manifests evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the perpetrator’s bias against the victim. For the purposes of the Clery Act, the categories of bias include the victim’s actual or perceived race, religion, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, ethnicity, national origin, and disability.
- Larceny‐Theft – The unlawful taking, carrying, leading or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another.
- Liquor Law Violations – The violation of state or local laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession or use of alcoholic beverages, not including driving under the influence and drunkenness.
- Manslaughter by Negligence – The killing of another person through gross negligence.
- Motor Vehicle Theft – The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.
- Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter – The willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
- National Origin (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of people based on their actual or perceived country of birth.
- Race (bias) – A preformed negative attitude toward a group of persons who possess common physical characteristics, e.g., color of skin, eyes, and/or hair; facial features, etc., genetically transmitted by descent and heredity which distinguish them as a distinct division of humankind, e.g., Asians, blacks or African Americans, whites.
- Rape – The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus, with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. This offense includes the rape of both males and females.
- Reasonable Person – A reasonable person under similar circumstances and with similar identities to the victim.
- Referred for Disciplinary Action – The referral of any person to any official who initiates a disciplinary action of which a record is established, and which may result in the imposition of a sanction.
- Religion (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and purpose of the universe and the existence or nonexistence of a supreme being, e.g., Catholics, Jews, Protestants, atheists.
- Robbery – The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
- Sexual Assault (Sex Offenses) – Any sexual act directed against another person, without consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
- Sexual Orientation (bias) – A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their actual or perceived sexual orientation.
- Simple Assault – An unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness.
- Stalking – Engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a
reasonable person to
- Fear for the person’s safety or the safety of others; or
- Suffer substantial emotional distress.
- Statutory Rape – Sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.
- Substantial Emotional Distress – Significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily, require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.
- Unfounded Crime – If a crime is investigated by law enforcement authorities and found to be false or baseless, the crime is “unfounded.” Only sworn or commissioned law enforcement personnel may unfound a crime.
- Weapons: Carrying, Possessing, Etc. – The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, cutting instruments, explosives, incendiary devices or other deadly weapons. This classification encompasses weapons offenses that are regulatory in nature.